Extinction Event Information Including References About The Upcoming Demise Of Coral Reefs.

Alvarez, L., W. Alvarez, and H. Michel. 1980. Extraterrestrial Cause For The Cretaceous Tertiary Extinction. Science 208: 1094-1108.

Baum, J. K. and R. A. Myers. 2004. Shifting baselines and the decline of pelagic sharks in the Gulf of Mexico. Ecology Letters, 7: 135145.

Bellwood, D. R., T. P. Hughes, C. Folke & M. Nyström. 2004. Confronting the coral reef crisis. Nature. 429:827-833.

Benton, M. J. 2003. When Life Nearly Died, The Greatest Mass Extinction Of All Time. Thames & Hudson, Ltd. London. 336 pp.

Bernardi G and A. Vagelli. 2004. Population structure in Banggai cardinalfish, Pterapogon kauderni , a coral reef species lacking a pelagic larval phase. Marine Biology. 145: 803810.

Bottke, W. F., D. Vokrouhlický, and D. Nesvorný. 2007. An Asteroid Breakup 160 Myr Ago As The Probable Source Of The K/T Impactor. Nature 449, 48-53.

Brown, B. E. 1997. Adaptations of reef corals to physical environmental stress. Advances in Marine Biology. 31:221-299.

Bruno, J.F. and E. R. Selig. 2007. Regional Decline of Coral Cover in the Indo-Pacific: Timing, Extent, and Subregional Comparisons. PLoS ONE 2(8):e711. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000711

Cumings, E. R. 1932. Reefs or bioherms? Geol. Soc. Am. Bull . 43: 331-352.

Dybas, C. L. 2006. On a collision course: ocean plankton and climate change. Bioscience. 56:642-646.

Erwin, D. H. 2006. Extinction. How Life On Earth Nearly Ended 250 Million Years Ago . Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ. 296 pp.

Fagerstrom, J. A. 1987. The Evolution Of Reef Communities. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Publishers, New York, NY. 600 pp.

Grassle, J. F. 1973. Variety in coral reef communities. In : Jones, O. A. and R. Endean. Eds. Biology And Geology Of Coral Reefs . Vol. 11. Biology 1: 247-270. 1973.

Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P. J., Hooten, A. J., Steneck, R. S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E., Harvell, C. D., Sale, P. F., Edwards, A. J., Caldeira, K., Knowlton, N., Eakin, C. M.,

Iglesias-Prieto, R., Muthiga, N., Bradbury, R. H., Dubi, A., Hatziolos, M. E. 2007.

Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification. Science. 318: 1737-1742.

Imhoff, M. L., L. Bounoua, T. Ricketts, C. Loucks, R. Harriss & W. T. Lawrence. 2004. Global Patterns In Human Consumption Of Net Primary Production. Nature 429: 870-873.

J. B. C. Jackson (1997) Reefs since Columbus. Coral Reefs 16, Suppl.: S23-S32.

Jared Diamond, 2005, Collapse. How Societies Choose To Fail or Succeed. Viking Press. New York. 575 pp.

Kleypas, J. A., R. W. Buddemeier, D. Archer, J.-P. Gattuso, C. Langdon, and B. N. Opdyke. 1999. Geochemical Consequences of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on Coral Reefs. Science. 284: 118 120.

Kleypas, J. A., R. A. Feely, V. J. Fabry, C. Langdon, C. L. Sabine and L. L. Robbins (2006): Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reefs and other marine calcifiers: A guide for future research, report of a workshop held 18-20 April 2005, St. Petersburg, FL, sponsored by NSF, NOAA, and the U. S. Geological Survey. Contribution No. 2897 from NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory. (88 pp.)

Lunn, K. E. and M.-A. Moreau. 2004. Unmonitored trade in marine ornamental fishes: The case of Indonesia's Banggai cardinalfish ( Pterapogon kauderni ). Coral Reefs. 23: 344-351.

McNeil, B. I. and R. J. Matear. 2007. Climate change feedbacks on future oceanic acidification. Tellus. 59B:191-198.

Medina, M., A. G. Collins, T. L. Takaoka, J. V. Kuehl and J. L. Boore. 2006. Naked Corals: Skeleton loss in scleractinia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 103:9096-9100.

Moore, R. C., c. G, Lalicker and A. F. Fischer. 1952. Invertebrate Fossils , McGraw Hill Book Company. New York, NY. 766 pp.

Newell, N. D. 1971. An outline history of tropical organic reefs. Am. Mus. Novit . 2465, 37 pp.

Knowlton, N. and J. B. C. Jackson. 2008. Shifting baselines, local impacts, and global change on coral reefs. Public Library of Science Biology. 6: 0215-0220.

Odum, H. T. and Odum, E. P. 1955. Trophic structure and productivity of a windward coral reef community on Eniwetok Atoll. Ecological Monographs. 25: 291-320.

Orr, J. C., V. J. Fabry, O. Aumont, L. Bopp, S. C. Doney, R. A. Feely, A. Gnanadesikan, N. Gruber, A. Ishida, F. Joos, R. M. Key, K. Lindsay, E. Maier-Reimer, R. Matear, P. Monfray, A. Mouchet, R. G. Najjar, G-K. Plattner, K. B. Rodgers, C. L. Sabine, J. L. Sarmiento, R. Schlitzer, R. D. Slater, I. J. Totterdell, M-F. Weirig, Y. Yamanaka and A. Yool. 2005. Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms. Nature. 437: 681-686.

Paine, R. T. 1966. Food web complexity and species diversity. American Naturalist. 100:65-75.

Paine, R. T. 1974. Intertidal community structure. Experimental studies on the relationship between a dominant competitor and its principal predator. Oecologia 15:93-120.

Paine, R. T. and S. A. Levin. 1981. Intertidal landscapes: disturbance and the dynamics of pattern. Ecological Monographs. 51:145-98.

Pandolfi,J. M., Roger H. Bradbury, Enric Sala, T. P. Hughes, K. A. Bjorndal, R. G. Cooke, D. McArdle, L. McClenachan, M. J. H. Newman, G. Paredes, R. R. Warner, J.B. C. Jackson. 2003. Global Trajectories of the Long-Term Decline of Coral Reef Ecosystems. Science. 301: 955- 958.

Pelejero, C., E. Calvo, M. T. McCulloch, J. F. Marshall, M. K. Gagan, J. M. Lough, and B. N. Opdyke. 2007. Preindustrial to Modern Interdecadal Variability in Coral Reef pH. Science 309:2204-2207.

Pilson, M. E, Q. 1998. An Introduction To The Chemistry Of The Sea

Tasch, P. 1973. Paleobiology of the Invertebrates. John Wiley &Sons. New York, NY. 946 pp.

Ward, P. D. 1997. The Call of Distant Mammoths . Copernicus. New York, 241 pp.

Ward, P. D. 2000. Rivers In Time . Columbia University Press. New York, 315 pp.

Ward, P. D. 2006. Out Of Thin Air. Dinosaurs, Birds, and Earth's Ancient Atmosphere. Joseph Henry Press. Washington, D. C. 282 pp.

Wood, R. 1999. Reef Evolution . Oxford University Press. Oxford. 414 pp.

Ron Shimek